27 December 2014


genesis 15:1-6, 21:1-3 or sirach 3:2-6; 12-14; hebrew 11:8, 11-12, 17-19 or colossians 3:12-21; luke 2:22-40

on 23 october 1983, a bomb explosion at the marine barracks in beirut killed 220 us marines and 21 other personnel, and wounded several others.
a few days later, paul kelly, marine corps commandant, visited the wounded in hospital. among them was corporal jeffrey nashton. he had suffered a broken leg, collapsed lungs, a crushed arm and a fractured skull. as kelly neared him, nashton motioned for a pen and piece of paper, wrote briefly, and passed the paper to his commandant. it had but two words: «semper fi» (always faithful), the motto of the marines. 
with those two words nashton spoke for the millions who have remained faithful despite and in the face of adversity. later, nashton said he didn’t know why he did it, but his wife said: «he thought he was dying and he wanted to make contact with another marine, to tell him not to give up, not to lose faith.»

semper fi! two words which sum up the thrust of today’s readings, and speak for each character in them.
the first and second readings extol the faith of israel’s first family. GOD promises abraham many descendants. abraham, though old and childless, «put his faith in the LORD.» GOD asks abraham to leave his homeland, and to sacrifice his son. abraham is unconditionally and forever faithful.
the gospel recounts the faith of the holy family. joseph and mary, who present their son in the temple «just as it is written in the law of the LORD.» they did and would undergo difficult times, and their son—simeon tells them—«is destined for the fall and rise of many in israel, and to be a sign that will be contradicted.» they remain forever faithful. 
simeon and anna are idealized portraits of the faithful remnant of israel awaiting the messiah’s coming.

semper fi! that’s the challenge to our families today… despite all the pressures, tensions and crises—political, economic, social and peer—we face. 
further, we need to widen the boundaries of our family: the homeless, the sick and dying, the lonely, the battered, the drug addict, the prisoner… and the hindu/ muslim/ jew/ zoroastrian/ sikh/ jain/ buddhist/ atheist/ agnostic… are all children of GOD and members of our family. 
will you and i remain faithful to GOD and to one another despite and in the face of troubles?

24 December 2014


mass during the night: isaiah 9:1-6; titus 2:11-14; luke 2:1-14
mass during the day: isaiah 52:7-10; hebrews 1:1-6; john 1:1-18

a city commissioned two artists to paint their conception of peace. a panel of distinguished judges would select one to display in the city square.
the first artist unveiled his painting: a beautiful family scene with a farmer back home after a hard day in the fields, with his wife by his side, and his children playing around the hearth; all at peace in a beautiful home. 
the judges decided that the picture depicted peace but looked at the other rendering anyway: it was a raging waterfall under dark skies! in a nook in the craggy rocks there was a tiny branch. on the end of the branch was a bird’s nest with a mother bird, covering her fledglings with her wings and singing in the midst of the turbulence.
the judges thought for a moment, then said: «this is peace and celebration in the midst of turmoil.» 

that picture is a portrayal of peace; it also realistically depicts christmas!
christmas is the birth of the prince of peace… but the peace that JESUS brings is not the quiet of an ideal and idyllic home; it is peace despite and amidst problems.
that’s the reassurance we and our world need right now: the coming of GOD brings tranquillity in the midst of turmoil—he covers us with his wings—and that’s reason to celebrate in the midst of chaos.

what we experience today—brutal violence, the killing of innocents, fear—is reminiscent of what happened in bethlehem two millennia ago.
after the birth of JESUS, the angels announce «on earth peace to people of goodwill.» but soon an angel tells joseph to «take the child and his mother, flee to egypt,» and herod orders «the massacre of all the boys in bethlehem and its vicinity two years old and under.» 
peace on earth? then? now?

yes! peace on earth! we believe—and we must proclaim—with st john: «what came to be through him was life, and this life was the light of the human race… and the darkness has not overcome it.»
AND we must live as people who have seen the light, as people who live by the light, as people whom «he gave power to become children of GOD.» we cannot live in the darkness; we cannot surrender to and imitate the darkness; we cannot relinquish our privilege and our duty to love.

we need christmas right now, but the christmas we need is the courage to live as children of the light, and as brothers and sisters of the prince of peace. the christmas we need is the courage to oppose violence and injustice with a love that comes from GOD.
may you and i and our world experience tranquillity amidst turmoil and celebration amidst chaos. amen.

20 December 2014


2 samuel 7:1-5, 8b-12, 14a, 16; romans 16:25-27; luke 1:26-38

long ago, a prince yearned to win the heart of a princess. he had everything—looks, fame and fortune—and tried everything but failed in his quest. the princess had her eyes and heart fixed elsewhere, and married a penniless woodcutter who did nothing to win her favour! the princess chose the woodcutter because of the mysterious preference of her love.

oh yeah… that happens only in fairy tales! right, it happens in fairy tales and in GOD’s tales! the first reading and the gospel highlight GOD’s choice of people.

in the first reading GOD reminds david of his transformation from shepherd to king through GOD’s choice and grace: «i took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over my people.» it was a mysterious choice! jesse did not even line him up before samuel; david, the youngest, was tending sheep! but GOD knew whom he was choosing, and did great things through david.
the gospel recalls GOD’s choice of mary as the mother of his son. again, it was a mysterious choice! mary lacked the credentials one would think are needed for such an important task; everything was against her: age, gender, marital status, power. GOD knew whom he was choosing; his grace transformed mary from maiden to mother of GOD.
GOD’s choice required of david and of mary a simple «yes»… which st paul, in the second reading, calls «the obedience of faith.» 

GOD makes another mysterious choice today: he chooses you and me! he chooses us to be a part of the project of which mary was a part; to be entry points for his love into the world. he transforms us as he transformed david and mary. it might sound like a fairy tale; it’s not. it’s GOD’s story… of his mysterious choice.
am i willing to say «yes»? am i willing, like mary, to be the servant of the LORD? to allow the holy spirit to overshadow me and transform me? to believe that nothing is impossible with GOD and that he is indeed with me?

13 December 2014


isaiah 61:1-2a, 10-11; 1 thessalonians 5:16-24; john 1:6-8, 19-28

a king instructed his gardener to plant trees to represent prosperity, beauty, victory, strength, duty and joy to show the world that the king had made his reign fruitful. the gardener planted a palm to symbolise joy.
when the king saw the palm, he said: «i thought you would typify joy with a flowering tree like the tulip or magnolia. how can the palm symbolize joy?»
the gardener replied: «flowering trees get their nourishment from open sources in orchards or forests. i found this palm in a desert; its roots had found some hidden spring far beneath the burning surface. then, thought i, highest joy has a foundation people cannot see and a source they cannot comprehend.»

how true that is! the foundation and source of our joy is GOD.
that’s the emphasis of the readings on «gaudete sunday» which urges us to rejoice… in the LORD.
the first reading from isaiah invites us to rejoice in GOD because he clothes us with salvation and justice. this invitation is heart-warming because we are the broken-hearted GOD heals; the poor who receive the glad tidings; the captives he liberates.
in the second reading, paul urges the thessalonians to rejoice because the one who calls them is faithful. 
in the gospel, john’s response to the pharisees highlights the primary reason for our joy: JESUS has already come into our world as our saviour.

the readings also give us a mission: to bring glad tidings to the poor, to heal the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to captives, and—above all—to testify to the light.

what is the source of my joy: the pleasures of the world or GOD and his liberating and healing love? will i rejoice in the LORD and joyfully testify to his presence in my life? or will i give in to a sense of unworthiness? 

john gipson was listening to his car radio. a singer was belting out «i can’t get no satisfaction.» gipson didn’t like the song. he changed the station but thought about the many people who cannot find satisfaction and joy; and wondered whether they even know where to look.
we know where to find joy! let us rejoice in the LORD!

06 December 2014


isaiah 40:1-5, 9-11; 2 peter 3:8-14; mark 1:1-8

we are one week into advent, and many of us are preparing for christmas. our facebook walls have photographs of cribs and home decor, announce carol-singing events, advertise cakes and cookies…
but that’s not quite the preparation scripture and the advent liturgy recommend!

isaiah, in the first reading, assures the exiles in babylon that their desperate wait for freedom is almost over; GOD will lead them, like a shepherd, back home. but the exiles have a task: to prepare the way of the LORD, in the desert, by the filling the valleys and levelling the hills.
mark, in his gospel, has the same message and task. john the baptist invites the people to straighten the pathways of their lives.

in the second week of advent, we need to put the c’s (cribs/carols/cakes/cards) on the back-burner and focus on the s’s: spend time in the «wilderness/desert» of our lives; straighten the pathways in our hearts; and share the glad tidings that our GOD is coming with power to care for us.

will i spend time in the «wilderness»? what areas of my life need straightening: what are the valleys that need filling; which are the mountains that need levelling? how and with whom will i share the good news of the LORD’s coming?

a collegian failed all his college work. he texted his mother: «failed everything; prepare papa.» his mother texted back: «papa prepared; prepare yourself.»
this is the our advent task: our «papa» is prepared (with his loving mercy); we need to prepare ourselves for the coming of GOD in our midst.

29 November 2014


isaiah 63:16b-17, 19b; 64:2-7; 1 corinthians 1:3-9; mark 13:33-37

waiting is part of life. outside schools, parents wait to pick up their children. at bus stops and railway stations, people wait for their loved ones; in hospitals, patients wait for their families. all waiting for someone to come. all they can do is wait… in hope!
waiting is part of life. all of us waited to be born, waited to be nourished, waited to be loved. we learned, soon enough, that not everything is available «instant». and so we have to wait.

advent is a time and season of a more profound waiting… a waiting for GOD… to reveal himself; to come to us.
the first reading graphically portrays a people waiting for GOD. recently returned from captivity in babylon, they hope that GOD will again adopt them as his children. but jerusalem is a heap of ruins; there is no sign to confirm their hope.
the people remember what GOD did for them in the past: «you, LORD, are our father… no ear has ever heard, no eye ever seen, any GOD but you doing such deeds for those who wait for him.» this memory makes the people pray to GOD to come among them as he did on mount sinai. this memory gives the people hope as they wait.

the gospel and the second reading give us attitudes for this waiting period: be responsible and dutiful servants; stay awake to the signs of the kingdom around us and to the opportunities to serve others; stay firm to the end though GOD’s grace and gifts.

like the newly-returned exiles, we are between the first and second comings of JESUS; we sometimes feel anguish and frustration when GOD seems absent from our lives.
what is the attitude which characterizes my waiting: optimism or desolation? joy or anguish? hope-filled service or despairing passivity? what are the gifts GOD has given me? how can i use them as a responsible servant for the task he has given me?

an anecdote to end!
while on a south pole expedition, sir ernest shackleton left a few men on elephant island, and promised them he would return. each time he tried to return, huge icebergs blocked his way. one day, an avenue opened in the ice, and shackleton got through. his men, ready and waiting, quickly scrambled aboard. no sooner had the ship cleared the island than the ice crashed together behind them. shackleton said: «it was fortunate you were all packed and ready to go!» they replied: «we never gave up hope. whenever the sea was clear of ice, we rolled up our sleeping bags and said, ‘he may come today.’»

like shackelton’s men, may we be ready for the coming of the LORD; may we be alert to the signs of his presence everywhere: in every checkout counter, every bus/train station, every waiting room…

22 November 2014


ezekiel 34:11-12, 15-17; 1 corinthians 15:20-26, 28; matthew 25:31-46

according to a jewish legend,  a man went to heaven in a dream and watched at the gates.
a rabbi came and made his claim to enter: «day and night i studied the torah.» the angel at the gate said: «wait! we will investigate whether your study was for its own sake or for the sake of honours.»
a zaddik next approached: «i fasted much; i underwent many ritual cleansings; i studied the mystical commentary on the torah day and night.» the angel said: «wait until we have completed investigating your motives.»
then a tavern-keeper drew near and said: «i kept an open door and fed without charge every poor man who came into my inn.» the angel opened the gates for him.

the jewish legend has the same thrust as the gospel parable of the final judgment: GOD judges us not upon our acts of religiosity but upon the little acts of mercy we show (or do not show) to the least—the hungry, the thirsty, the stranger, the naked, the ill, and the imprisoned. more important, whenever we serve these least ones, we serve him, who identifies himself with them.
in the first reading, through ezekiel, GOD promises that he will reach out to the lost, the strayed, the injured, and the sick, and he will shepherd them. in the gospel, he challenges us—who have experienced his shepherding love—to be the shepherds and to do the reaching out to the least.

we come to the end of another liturgical year.  today’s solemnity of CHRIST the universal king invites us to examine how the LORD has loved and cared for us in the past year, and how we have reached out to «the least brothers and sisters» of his.
am i aware of the numerous ways in which GOD has reached out to me and shepherded me? how will i reach out to and identify with the least of his brothers and sisters?

15 November 2014


proverbs 31:10-13, 19-20, 30-31; 1 thessalonians 5:1-6; matthew 25:14-30

as a child, norman geisler—the famous apologist, theologian and author—went to a vacation bible school because some neighbourhood children invited him. he returned to the same church for sunday school. each week a bus driver picked him up. week after week, for eight years, he attended church, but never committed his life to GOD. finally, during his senior year in high school, after being picked up for church over 400 times, he committed his life to CHRIST. what if the bus driver had given up on geisler at 395? what if the bus driver had said: «this kid is going nowhere spiritually, why waste any more time on him?» (cf. max lucado, GOD came near)

that unknown and unsung bus driver (or drivers) was a hi-fi (high-fidelity) christian! he stuck to the task entrusted to him; he was faithful to his responsibility!

that’s the challenge JESUS puts before us in this sunday’s gospel: fidelity to our GOD-given mission.
the parable of the talents is NOT about using/multiplying our skills and gifts (though we need these for the mission, and GOD gives us a mission based on our capacities)!
a talent was about fifteen years’ wages, and—in the parable—symbolises something of great value to the LORD, something that belonged to him, and that he entrusted to his servants.
the talents represent his word (also: his love, forgiveness, sacraments…). those who transmit it find that it multiplies; those who study it find their understanding of it deepens (recall that isaiah 55:10-12 tells us that GOD’s word, when invested, always brings a return!)… and those who bury it find its value diminishes.

the first reading has a similar thrust: it glorifies «a worthy wife» not for her talents and gifts but for her fidelity to her responsibility.

the gospel and the first reading promise a reward for such fidelity: «enter into the joy of your master» and «give her a reward for her labours».

am i faithful to my GOD-given mission of doing my daily duty and of proclaiming his word? or does fear (of failure, rejection, judgement…) prevent me from being faithful?
on world communications day, may i be a hi-fi christian and faithfully communicate GOD’s love, word and forgiveness to all people. amen.

08 November 2014


ezekiel 47:1-2, 8-9, 12; 1 corinthians 3:9c-11, 16-17; john 2:13-22

in 1953 reporters gathered at a chicago railway station waiting to meet the 1952 nobel peace prize winner… a big man, six-feet-four tall with bushy hair and a large moustache. reporters were excited to see him; cameras flashed; compliments were expressed.
suddenly, the man excused himself, and walked up to an elderly afro-american woman struggling to carry two large suitcases. he picked up her cases, escorted her to a bus, and then returned to the waiting reporters and apologised for keeping them waiting.
that was dr albert schweitzer, the famous missionary-doctor who had invested his life helping the poor and the sick in africa.
a member of the reception committee remarked: «that’s the first time i ever saw a sermon walking.»

dr schweitzer understood the meaning of being church: being live and alive! he was also alive to the reality around him!
on the feast of the dedication of the lateran basilica, (pope-emeritus) benedict xvi reminds us that «the temple of stones is a symbol of the living church, the christian community, which… is a ‘spiritual edifice,’ built by GOD with ‘living stones,’ namely, christians themselves.»

the readings highlight this fact.
in the first reading, ezekiel emphasises that the temple is the source of life-giving water.
through the cleansing of the temple, JESUS indicates that he is the new temple… the source of life and love.
st paul reminds the corinthians that they are GOD’s holy building with CHRIST as their foundation. and therefore, they need to build their lives carefully… and live lives worthy of their calling.

do i see myself—and other christians—as church? am i—and the community of believers to which i belong—a live church and a church that is alive to the realities around me? am i a source of life and love?

01 November 2014


wisdom 3:1-9; romans 5:5-11; john 6:37-40

a dying man was scared about death. he asked his doctor—a christian—about what lay beyond. just then the doctor heard a scratching at the door. he paused and said: «do you hear that? it’s my dog. i left him downstairs, but he has grown impatient, and has come up. he has no idea what lies beyond the door, but he knows that his master is here. it is the same with me! i don’t know what lies beyond the door of death, but i know my master is there» (cf. bruce shelley, «christian theology in plain language»).

this is what christian faith and the readings for all souls’ day affirm: beyond the tomb, lies our master waiting to welcome us to our eternal dwelling.
the first reading from the book of wisdom is emphatic: «the souls of the just are in the hand of GOD… they are in peace.»
st paul assures the romans: «since we are now justified by his blood, we will be saved through him from the wrath» and «we shall… be united with him in the resurrection.»
in the gospel, JESUS promises the crowds: «everyone who sees the SON and believes in him
will have eternal life, and i shall raise him on the last day.»

shortly before he died, jean-paul sartre—the atheist philosopher—declared he had strong feelings of despair and he would say to himself: «i know i shall die in hope.» then in profound sadness, he would add: «but hope needs a foundation.»
christian hope has a foundation: the death and resurrection of JESUS. 

does my hope have this strong foundation? do i believe that my dear departed are at peace in the hand of GOD and will be raised on the last day?
eternal rest grant unto them, o LORD; and let perpetual light shine upon them. may they rest in peace. amen.